MicroPython vs Arduino: Choosing the Right Platform for Your Robotics Projects [2023]

micropython vs arduino

Are you venturing into the exciting world of robotics and wondering which platform to choose for your projects? Look no further! In this article, we will compare two popular options: MicroPython and Arduino. Each platform has its own strengths and weaknesses, so let's dive in and explore the differences to help you make an informed decision.

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When it comes to programming robotics projects, choosing the right platform is crucial. As a budding roboticist, you want a platform that is beginner-friendly, flexible, and robust. That's why many newcomers find themselves torn between MicroPython and Arduino. Both platforms have their own unique features and advantages, so let's explore them in detail to help you understand which one suits your needs the best.

MicroPython: Making Robotics Fun with Python

micropython vs arduino,MicroPython: Making Robotics Fun with Python

MicroPython is a lean and efficient implementation of the Python programming language optimized for microcontrollers. It brings the simplicity and elegance of Python to the world of embedded systems, making it easier for beginners to get started with robotics. With MicroPython, you can write code in Python and execute it directly on microcontroller boards.

Using MicroPython, you can take advantage of Python's vast ecosystem and wealth of libraries to accelerate your robotics projects. From controlling motors and sensors to building complex algorithms, MicroPython offers a simple and intuitive interface that makes programming enjoyable. Its interactive shell allows you to test code snippets in real-time, making it ideal for rapid prototyping and debugging.

Key Features of MicroPython

  • Pythonic Syntax: MicroPython retains the same syntax as standard Python, which means you can leverage your existing Python knowledge.
  • Rich Ecosystem: MicroPython benefits from the extensive libraries and modules available in the Python ecosystem, allowing you to easily access advanced functionalities.
  • Interactivity: MicroPython's interactive shell enables real-time code testing and experimentation, making the learning process more engaging.
  • Debugging Capabilities: MicroPython provides debugging tools such as breakpoints, stepping through code, and variable inspection, simplifying the debugging process.

Arduino: Empowering Creativity with Simplicity

the artist's studio • in the atelier of the Italian artist and decorator Francesca Zoboli

Arduino, on the other hand, is a popular open-source electronics platform known for its simplicity and ease of use. It consists of both hardware (Arduino boards) and software (Arduino IDE) components, allowing you to seamlessly develop, program, and control your robotics projects. Arduino boards are equipped with microcontrollers that can be programmed using the Arduino programming language.

The Arduino IDE provides a beginner-friendly environment for writing and uploading code to Arduino boards. With its intuitive interface and vast library of pre-built functions, you can quickly bring your ideas to life. Arduino's compatibility with numerous sensors, actuators, and shields further enhances its versatility, enabling you to build complex robotic systems.

Key Features of Arduino

  • Simplicity: Arduino's easy-to-understand programming language and user-friendly IDE make it accessible to beginners without prior coding experience.
  • Large Community: Arduino boasts a massive user community, with countless forums, tutorials, and examples available to help you overcome obstacles and learn from others.
  • Extensibility: Arduino's modular design allows you to expand its capabilities by attaching additional shields (add-on boards) to your Arduino board, providing endless possibilities for customization.
  • Platform Independence: Arduino is cross-platform, meaning you can develop and upload code from various operating systems, including Windows, macOS, and Linux.

MicroPython vs Arduino: Head-to-Head Comparison

Now that we have a good understanding of MicroPython and Arduino, let's compare them across different aspects to help you decide which one is the right fit for your robotics projects.

Syntax and Programming Language

MicroPython stands out for using the Python programming language, which is widely popular for its readability and simplicity. Python's natural language-like syntax makes it easy to understand and write code, making MicroPython an excellent choice for beginners. On the other hand, Arduino uses a C/C++-based programming language that may seem more daunting to newcomers. However, if you have prior experience with C/C++, Arduino's programming language will feel familiar.

Key Takeaway: MicroPython appeals to beginner programmers with its straightforward Python syntax, while Arduino caters to those comfortable with C/C++.

Board Compatibility

Both MicroPython and Arduino support a wide range of boards, offering flexibility and choice to developers. However, Arduino has a larger selection of officially supported boards that are specifically designed for the platform. These boards come with various features, such as built-in Wi-Fi or advanced sensor capabilities, and are optimized for seamless integration with Arduino's ecosystem.

On the other hand, MicroPython boasts compatibility with popular development boards such as the ESP32 and ESP8266. Additionally, MicroPython is also adaptable to other microcontrollers with sufficient resources and community support.

Key Takeaway: Arduino has a broader selection of officially supported boards, while MicroPython provides compatibility with popular development boards and expanding support for other microcontrollers.

Community and Learning Resources

The strength of a platform often lies in the size and vibrancy of its community. Both MicroPython and Arduino have passionate communities that are constantly developing new projects, sharing knowledge, and providing support.

Arduino's community is vast and mature, with countless online forums, tutorials, and examples readily available. Whether you need assistance with troubleshooting or seeking project inspiration, you'll find a wealth of resources at your fingertips.

MicroPython's community, while smaller, is steadily growing. It's increasingly gaining traction among microcontroller enthusiasts, and more resources are becoming available each day. Additionally, as MicroPython is a variant of Python, you can tap into the extensive Python community for additional support.

Key Takeaway: Arduino's community is well-established, offering a plethora of resources, while MicroPython's community is growing steadily, with support also available from the broader Python community.

Performance and Memory Usage

When it comes to performance and memory usage, Arduino has the edge over MicroPython. Since Arduino uses a lower-level programming language (C/C++), it can achieve faster execution speeds and use less memory compared to running Python code on a microcontroller. This makes Arduino a preferred choice for applications that require real-time responsiveness or have strict memory constraints.

However, it's important to note that for many robotics projects, especially those focused on rapid prototyping and ease of use, the performance difference may not be significant enough to outweigh the advantages of MicroPython's simplicity and readability.

Key Takeaway: Arduino offers better performance and lower memory usage compared to running MicroPython. However, for most robotics projects, the difference may not be noticeable.


Does Arduino use MicroPython?

No, Arduino does not use MicroPython as its default programming language. Arduino uses a programming language based on C/C++.

Why Python is not used in Arduino?

Python, while known for its simplicity and readability, has a higher memory footprint and slower execution speed compared to lower-level languages like C/C++. To optimize performance and memory usage on microcontrollers, Arduino uses a language based on C/C++.

What are the limitations of MicroPython?

MicroPython's main limitation lies in its memory consumption and performance when compared to lower-level languages. While it is suitable for many robotics applications, projects with strict memory constraints or real-time responsiveness requirements may find Arduino to be a better fit.

Quick Tips and Facts

  • MicroPython is a lean and efficient implementation of Python specifically designed for microcontrollers.
  • Arduino is a user-friendly platform renowned for its simplicity and extensive community support.
  • MicroPython's syntax is based on Python, while Arduino uses a language based on C/C++.
  • Both platforms support a wide range of boards, but Arduino has a larger selection of officially supported boards.
  • Arduino's community is well-established and offers a wealth of resources, while MicroPython's community is growing steadily.
  • Arduino generally has better performance and lower memory usage than MicroPython, but the difference may not be noticeable for most robotics projects.


Choosing between MicroPython and Arduino ultimately depends on your specific project requirements and personal preferences. If you are a beginner or value the simplicity and readability of Python, MicroPython may be the better choice. On the other hand, if you prefer a well-established platform with a wide range of officially supported boards and extensive community support, Arduino is worth considering.

Whichever platform you choose, both MicroPython and Arduino offer powerful tools and resources to bring your robotic creations to life. Start tinkering, experimenting, and exploring the exciting world of robotics with the platform that resonates with you, and let your creativity soar!


*[ESP32]: Espressif Systems' ESP32 microcontroller
*[ESP8266]: Espressif Systems' ESP8266 microcontroller
*[C/C++]: C and C++ programming languages

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